PHYS 317 - Reading Assignment #21
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Because it made a negligible contribution for typical pressures and volume changes. Sometimes it's dropped because the volume is strictly held fixed.
- Why was the P dV_R term dropped from the expression for dS_R?
At equal concentration they have roughly equal chemical potentials. But carbon monoxide has a slightly lower (stronger) binding energy to the heme site. This small energy difference, when put into the Gibbs factor, makes a large difference in the relative probabilities of binding CO versus O2.
- Consider the deadly combination of equal parts oxygen and carbon monoxide. Why do the heme sites fill with carbon monoxide in this case?
No more than one fermion can occupy a single quantum state.
- Describe the Pauli exclusion principle.
Very dense systems, like neutron stars. Very cold systems like liquid helium. Or very light particles like electrons in a metal or photons in an oven.
- What examples does Schroeder give of systems that violate condition 7.17?