ELEC 101, Spring 2001

Prof. Rich Kozick

## ** Laboratory 10 **

Sequential Logic Circuit Design: Game Show Detector

** **

**Please bring the Bobrow textbook and your lecture notes to
lab to help you with sequential logic circuit design.**

**Problem:** Design and implement a two-button game show detector
circuit.
A summary of the circuit operation is as follows.

Inputs: Boolean X1, X2 for the contestants' buttons, and CLEAR

Outputs: Boolean Q1, Q2 to indicate which contestant pressed the button first

Initially, Q1 = Q2 = 0

If X1 = X2 = 0 and no button was pressed, then remain at Q1 = Q2 = 0

If X1 = 1 first, then Q1 = 1 and Q2 = 0

If X2 = 1 first, then Q1 = 0 and Q2 = 1

CLEAR input resets the state to Q1 = Q2 = 0

**Question:**
Can you design this circuit using *combinational* logic only?
Please explain.

**Suggested Procedure:**

- Develop a state diagram and a transition table.
- Decide whether to use D flip-flops
(7474 IC)
or JK flip-flops
(7476 IC).
You may want to design the circuit both ways: once with D flip-flops
and again with JK flip-flops.
Then you can evaluate the designs and decide which to implement.
- ICs containing 2-input NAND gates (7400) and 3-input NAND gates
(7410) will be available in lab.
- Record in your lab notebook all of the steps used to design
your system.
- Use push-buttons for the inputs X1 and X2
(wiring instructions are given
below), LEDs for the outputs Q1 and Q2,
and for the clock use either the 555 timer or
a square wave from the function generator.

**** Each person should be sure that they understand the design procedure. ****
**Wiring the push-buttons:**
The push-button switches
have four pins and have the following characteristics:

- There are two pairs of internally connected pins, the left pair and the right pair.
- The left pair of pins are connected internally to each other.
- The right pair of pins are connected internally to each other.
- The left pair of pins
**are not connected** to the right pair of
pins when the **button is not depressed**.
- The left pair of pins
**are connected** to the right pair of
pins when the **button is depressed**.

Use your ohm meter to determine which pins form each pair of
internally connected pins. Also, use your ohm meter to confirm that
both pairs of pins are not connected when the switch is not depressed
and are connected when the switch is depressed.

Follow the circuit diagram below and construct the switches such
that when the switch is not depressed, **V**_{out} is
**0V**, and when the switch is depressed, **V**_{out} is
**~5V**.
Instead of the 1 Mohm resistor
in the circuit diagram, you may use resistors in the kohm range.

Thank you and have fun.